Pavitropana is the most popularly
celebrated festival in Gujarat. The festival falls on the very same day of
Rakhi purnima, ie, on the full moon day in the month of Shravana. Like all
other festivals in India, rakhi too is influenced by the many facets of the
wide cultural spectrum of India.
Gujarati people are very big devotees of Lord Shiva. People of Gujarat
offer water to the shivalingas in the temples throughout the year. Shravan
or rakhi purnima is considered to be a very auspicious day for worshipping
Lord Shiva. On this day special prayers are offered to Lord Shiva and seek
his forgiveness for any misdeeds done. On the purnima, people offer water
and pray to Lord Shiva. The ceremony of Pavitropana includes a few twisted
filaments of cotton are soaked in panchagaivya (a mixture of cow's ghee,
milk, curd, urine and excreta) and then fastened around the Shivalinga. The
threads are soaked in panchagaivya as the cow is the most sacred animal in
Hindu Mythology. So, celebrate the joyous day of Pavitropana and seek the
blessings of the Lord.
Reference from Bhavishya-Purana
This festival has also been referred to 'Putrada Ekadashi' in Bhavishya
Purana. In this particular purana, Lord Krishna narrates the story of how
the Ekadashi in the month of Shravana came to be sacred. He said, "At
the dawn of Dvarpara-yuga there lived a king by the name of Mahijita, who
ruled the kingdom of Mahismati-puri. Because he had no son, his entire
kingdom seemed utterly cheerless to him. A married man who has no son gains
no happiness in this life or the next." The King tried hard to beget
children and continue his lineage. But it seemed that Lady Luck had turned
against the king.
After a decade, he became anxious and called for an assembly of advisors.
He told them, that he had never committed any sin or did anything wrong to
anyone then why he is not blessed with a son. He asked everyone to find out
the reason for this.
Various types of Pavitras
With the change in time, the method of worship has also changed. The sacred
thread also called 'Pavitras' have undergone an immense change over the
years. Now-a-days, one can easily find Pavitras made of Gold, Silver,
Pearls, or Silk instead of the customary cotton. The temples are especially
decorated for the festival and people also celebrate it at home decorating
the Shivaling in their home temple. This sacred should be removed everyday
before the deity is washed.